Hockey 101

Types Of Penalties

Minor Penalty
A minor penalty against a player other than the goaltender results in that player being removed off the ice for two minutes or until the other team scores a goal. If the minor penalty is called against a goaltender, another player on the ice serves his time in the penalty box.

Double Minor Penalty
When a referee determines the infraction more severe than a minor penalty, but does not warrant a major penalty. An example of such an infraction is when it results in an injury or there is an attempt to injure. They are served as two concurrent minor penalties totaling 4 minutes. If high sticking is called and blood is drawn, it automatically becomes a double minor penalty.

Major Penalty
A major penalty is called against a player when the referee judges a greater degree of violence or deliberate severity was used. Kneeing and spearing are almost always major penalties. It results in five minutes in the penalty box.


High Sticking Boarding Hooking
Holding Charging Hooking
Cross-Checking Elbowing Interference
Misconduct Slashing Tripping
Delay Of Game Icing  

High-Sticking - to strike an opponent with your stick above shoulder level.

Boarding - checking an opponent from behind into the boards.

Holding - to use your hands to grasp an opponent or his equipment.

Charging - taking more than three strides or jumping before checking an opponent.

Hooking - impeding the progress of another player by hooking him with the blade of the stick.

Cross-Checking - to hit an opponent with both hands on the stick and then extending the arms while the check is being delivered.

Elbowing - when a player uses an elbow to impede an opponent.

Interference - to impede progress of an opponent who doesn’t have the puck or who is pursuing the puck. Also called for knocking an opponent’s fallen stick out of his reach.

Misconduct - when a player uses abusive language or gestures, unsportsmanlike conduct, or fails to follow the officials’ orders.

Spearing - when a player thrusts his stick like a spear at his opponent.

Slashing - when a player swings his stick and strikes an opponent to impede his motion.

Tripping - when a player trips an opponent with his stick or any part of his body.

Roughing - when a player shoves or is involved in a minor altercation or scuffle.

Unsportsmanlike Conduct - when a player uses abusive language or gestures, unsportsmanlike conduct, or fails to follow the officials’ orders.

Fighting - when at least one player punches or attempts to punch an opponent repeatedly or when 2 players wrestle in such a manner thatmakes it difficult for the Linesmen to intervene and separate them.

Back To Hockey101 Mainpage