Hockey 101


ATTACK - advancing the puck toward your opponent’s goal.

ATTACKING ZONE - the 1/3 end section of the ice in which a team is attempting to score. The section of ice between the opponent’s blue line and goal line.

BACK CHECK - to hinder an opponent heading toward and into the defending zone. A technique of skating back to one’s defensive zone to protect their goal and prevent the opponent from shooting.

BREAKAWAY - an offensive rush in which the player breaks towards the goal with the puck and no defenders are between him and the goalie.

BREAKOUT - the play used by the offensive team to move the puck out of its own zone and up the ice toward the opponent’s goal.

CHANGING ON THE FLY - when players on the bench substitute for players on the ice, while the play is going on.

CREASE - the blue area directly in front of the goal; it is marked off by red lines.

FACE-OFF - the dropping of the puck between two opposing players to begin play.

FORECHECK - to check an opponent in his end of the rink, preventing an offensive rush in order to obtain control of the puck.

FREEZE THE PUCK - pinning the puck against the boards with the stick or skates in order to stop the play. Results in a face-off.

HAT TRICK - the scoring of three goals by one player in one game.

a team with one (or more) players on the ice than its opponent.

NEUTRAL ZONE - the central area between the two blue lines.

PENALTY KILL - the act of preventing goals while playing shorthanded.

POWER PLAY - when a team has a one-or two-man advantage because of opponent’s penalties.

RUSH - advancing quickly up the ice.

SLAP SHOT - hitting the puck with the blade of the stick after a full back swing.

ZAMBONI - the machine used to “clean” or resurface the ice sheet.

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